According to the latest medical research, dry eye is more prevalent in older adults aged 50 years and above. A higher percentage of this demographic is women, though the condition can happen at any age. Several factors can cause the disease, ranging from environmental conditions to physical issues affecting your eyes.
Dry eye disease has several names, including keratoconjunctivitis sicca and dry eye syndrome. The disease affects your eye surface, causing the tear film to malfunction. The condition causes your eyes to become drier, leading to discomfort and problems with vision. The tear film is vital for good sight because it lubricates and protects the eye surface. It has three parts: the outer, middle, and inner layers.
The tears spread evenly across your eyes whenever you blink. The process involves various systems and glands to keep the tear film optimal. Dry eyes may occur when this equilibrium is in jeopardy.
The glands above your eyes that keep your eyes wet do not work well when you have dry eyes. The issue may be from too much evaporation or low-quality tears. Hormonal changes have the same effect on women. Other risk factors that may cause the disease include:
The truth is that there is no current permanent cure for the disease. Several options can help reduce the symptoms, preserve eye moisture, and protect your vision. Management of this condition focuses on minimizing or eliminating environmental triggers. It also involves replenishing the surface of your eyes by preserving sufficient and functional tear film.
If you have an underlying cause that your doctor can diagnose and treat, your condition is curable.
Symptoms of this disease can dissipate once you remove the irritant or causing factor. In addition, the symptoms may arise and disappear depending on the seasons. To aid in this, simple lifestyle modifications can help keep them at bay. They include the following:
You can manage the symptoms in several ways despite dry eye syndrome not being permanently curable. Over-the-counter eye drops, artificial tears, and prescription medications have notable reputations. If these do not work, you can opt for punctal plugs that help retain tears in your eyes.
For more information on whether dry eye can be cured permanently, visit Gregg Family Eye Care at our office in Secane or North Wales, Pennsylvania. Call (610) 831-4300 or (215) 699-2020 to book an appointment today.